We recently proposed to increase efficiency of an industrial energy system with the adoption of a RSOC (Reversible Solid Oxide Cell). The aim is to produce both heat and electricity, increase the match between energy production and consumption meanwhile hydrogen is produced.
An existing paper mill located in Italy was analysed with the aim of revamping a part of the energy generation system with the adoption of RSOC/SOFC to dismiss one of the old steam turbine.
Thermodynamic analysis shows that primary energy saving is achieve even if hydrogen is produced.
Link: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2018.08.145 (Not open access)